Whenever we talk about Cambodia, we can not help but remember Angkor’s ancient temples – a relic that has become the symbol of this country, a great architectural organization that was organized by the Cultural and Educational Organization and the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) recognized as World Cultural Heritage. Located more than 200km northwest of Phnom Penh, Siem Reap is a small town with bold French architecture. The town is quiet, with beautiful hotels and villas near Tonle Sap Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. The Angkor temples are located in the Siem Reap area, making it a popular place around the world.
The origin of the Angkor word Sanskrit is Nagara, meaning capital. The Khmer speakers from the capital are Nokor. The French read and recorded it as Angkor. Since then, the name Angkor became popular in books.
Angkor is one of the most glorious periods of the Khmer nation from 802 to 1431. But to Angkor, people think of a city with more than 100 magnificent temples, the pride of ant architecture. Not only the Khmer people but also the whole human race. The history of Angkor is the history of the development, development and completion of unique monumental architecture of the Khmer.
Angkor ruins – The pride of Cambodia
Angkor Wat is considered to be the largest, most unique building in the entire Angkor area, symbolizing the harmonious combination of Cambodian Khmer art and Hindu art of Indian culture.
The perfection of Angkor Wat in its placement, balance and large number of reliefs made it one of the largest religious buildings today.
Angkor Wat is located 6km north of Siem Reap and south of Angkor Thom. There is only one entrance to the temple from the west. The temple was built in the 30 years of the first half of the twelfth century, under King Suryavarman II to worship Vishnu (Hindu).
Angkor Wat is located on a 208ha campus, around a 200m wide trench and a circumference of up to 5.5 km. The height of Angkor Wat is 213m, 3 floors, upper floor higher than.
The third floor has 5 towers, 4 tops and 1 tops in the middle. Only at certain angles can one see the five towers. This is a unique architecture of Angkor Wat. The temple represents the Hindu concept of divinity in which the earth is the center.
In the middle of the temple is the symbol of Mount Meru, 5 towers standing in a circle formed on top of the mountains. The main wall represents the mountains at the edge of the earth, and the deep ditch is the only ocean that surrounds the earth.
The entrance to Angkor Wat is a long stone bridge over the lake surrounding the temple. Angkor Wat rectangular temple, 1,500m long, 190m wide.
According to the scholars of Finot, Coedes, Bosh, the temple was built during the reign of King Suryavarman II as a royal tomb, with sculptures by the god Vishnu. With our Travel Guides and Information For Indochina Experience
, to experience the mysterious power, charm of Angkor Wat, visitors should wait until sunset. Angkor Wat under the sunset, Temple with towers and stones like a brilliant gold block hidden under the jar.
Angkor Wat is not only impressive because of its majestic level, but also because the layout and design inside the temple is also very perfect. Passing through the passage and through the main gate is just past the outer wall. Go into more than one of the three concentric rooms with thousands of bas-reliefs, fierce statues and a 400-meter long corridor. Continuing inward and upward, the central area appears dim with a sacred pyramid shaped like a gigantic lotus tower that is over 200m high.
Angkor Wat is also one of the oldest monuments in the world. Each of the stone walls of the Temple carved images that each researcher could find there valuable material on religion, history and society. Angkor ruins – The pride of Cambodia The most famous are the reliefs of Hindu legends and Apsara dancers. Nowhere else can we find the sculptures of this ethnic Cambodian dance vivid and detailed as in the walls of Angkor Wat. The smooth lines of the body of the dancers as well as the movements are meticulously carved, though on the rock but not rigid, the humanistic expression of humanity and beauty of the ancient Khmer. Like other capitals in the world, the Angkor Temple in general and Angkor Wat in particular are built in a military vision of the reigning kings; It also represents a harmonious combination in Oriental culture. Surrounding the temple is a flooded dirt road to prevent the central area from being attacked by foreigners. The trench is still existing but has been given a different meaning, which adds aesthetics to the stone towers. Along with the palm trees around Angkor, the place is harmonious as a whole between heaven, earth and water.
Angkor was forgotten until the nineteenth century. A French historian has rediscovered the Angkor ruins and since then, the name Angkor has revived in the minds of the Cambodian people as a symbol of a golden past that has gone far but needs to be cherished.
From ancient ruins, Cambodia has reconstructed the temples and towers. This has a spiritual significance first to the Cambodian people as it revives the lost history; As for the world, it opens up a new way of dealing with a mysterious culture in history.
Due to the historical and cultural significance of Angkor Wat, in 1992, UNESCO recognized the Angkor Wat and Angkor area as the World Cultural Heritage.